PAF > HAV: machines: 2.766 measurements: 4.583 Last update 3-11-2016
 
 
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Hand - Arm Vibration: Risk Description

 

The Directive 2002/44/EC provides the following definition of hand-arm system transmitted vibration:

"The mechanical vibration that, when transmitted to the human hand-arm system, entails risks to the health and safety of workers, in particular vascular, bone or joint, neurological or muscular disorders.

The hand-arm vibration exposure is generally due to hand contact with the handle of hand-held and hand-guided machinery.

 Table 1 provides a list of tools that, when regularly used, entail, in most of cases, remarkable risks to workers arising from exposure to hand-arm vibration .

 

Table 1 - Examples of sources of hand-arm vibration exposure risk

 

Type of tool

 

Main types of processing and manufacturing

 

Percussive tools

 

Chipping hammers and scalers - Riveting hammers

Stone chiseling, fettling of castings, rust and painting removal - Riveting

Hammer drills, percussive hammers and breakers (hydraulic, electrical and pneumatic type)

Construction - Stone processing

Impact drills

Engineering industry

Impact wrenches

Engineering industry - Body shops

Sandblasters

Foundries - Engineering industry

Shears and nibblers for metal

Engineering industry

Rotary tools

 

Orbital and random orbital sanders

Engineering industry  - Stone - Wood

Circular saws and jig saws

Engineering industry  - Stone - Wood

Angle and axial grinders

Engineering industry  - Stone - Wood

Light duty straight grinders

Engineering industry  - Stone - Wood

Chain saws

Agricultural and forestry works

Brush cutters

Maintenance of green areas

Other machines

 

Lawnmowers

Maintenance of green areas

Motor-cultivators

Agricultural and forestry works

Nailing machines

Pallets, wood

Concrete compactors

Vibrated concrete production

Rotating shaping machines with flexible shaft

Engineering industry - Stone: Fettling - polishing

Motorcycle and scooters handlebars

Transports - Public safety

Cubing machines

Stone processing (porphyry)

Riveting machines

Shoe factories

Dentist's drills, orthopaedic saw

Health care: Dentistry - Thoracic and Orthopaedic Surgery - Pathologic Anatomy

 

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